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  • Clive 1:55 pm on January 15, 2009 Permalink
    Tags: , journalism, , ,   

    ‘Trust’ in offline/online media 

    Trustworthiness in the Fourth and Fifth Estates by Richard Collins

    International Journal of Communication 2 (2009), 61-86

    • Discusses ‘trust’ in sociological literature and links to discussions of social capital
    • Examines trust and the mainstream media/How trustworthy is the media?
    • Looks at the ways a dialogic, web 2.o media landscape can meet criteria of trustworthyness
    • Gives examples of such media in the UK

    Useful article, good links and bibliography. But doesn’t have the insiders bite of Nick Davies.

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  • Clive 11:52 am on December 30, 2008 Permalink
    Tags: , , journalism,   

    Media Research from Cardiff School of Journalism 

    The Quality and Independence of British Journalism

    Source: Cardiff School of Journalism, Justin Lewis, Bob Franklin, Andrew Williams, James Thomas, Nick Mosdell

    Download research file (573K)

    http://www.cf.ac.uk

    Report by Cardiff University’s School of Journalism analysing the quantity of public relations material and news agency copy within news output, measuring the changing number of journalists employed by major news organisations, and illustrating the role of PR in news based on three case studies.

    The key findings are that:

    • Journalists are producing more copy: ‘While the number of journalists in the national press has remained fairly static, they now produce three times as much copy as they did twenty years ago’
    • A majority of the output is based on news agency copy or public relations material: ‘60% of press articles and 34% of broadcast stories come wholly or mainly’ from either PR material or news agency copy
    • ‘The most PR influenced topic was health, followed closely by consumer/business news and entertainment/sport’

    The statistics regarding the use of PR material were based on an analysis of 2,207 stories from five national newspapers. 71% of these were ‘standard news articles’, most of the rest news in briefs. The broadcast analysis was based on 402 TV news items.

     
  • Clive 5:04 pm on December 9, 2008 Permalink
    Tags: , journalism, media,   

    The Media in Castro’s Cuba 

    Chapter 8: The Media in Cuba Juan Orlando Perez

    Good potted, selective history of Cuban journalism outlining the signficant events that lead to the status quo of journalism in Cuba today.

    • Autumn 1959 the coletillas in Diario de la Marina
    • ‘Operation Truth’ that invited 380 journalists to witness the trials of those responsible for crimes under Batista’s military rule
    • The definition of journalism by Castro on 27th June 1959
    • The flight of media owners to Miami
    • The nationalisation and monolopistic control of the media by the government
    • The establishment of the rules of engagement in Castro’s speech in 1961 during a debate between ICAIC and Revolucion (‘Inside Revolution, everything; against the Revolution, nothing’)
    • The disbandonmnet of Revolucion and the establishment of UNEAC in1961 reduced the spaces for dissent and restricted freedom of expression
    • The rise and fall of various publication over three decades at the politial whim of the government
    • The emergence of ‘threatened niches of relative plurality’ (121) such as ICAIC which provide a control valve, a second tier of public communication that can co-opt the threat of dissidence but which clearly remain in the control of the government
    • The modeling of the media system in a Soviet, authoritarian, hierarchical style where the media is seen as an instrument of ideology. The state press, in Granma and Juventud Rebelde, micro-managed by the Ideological Department of the Central Committee) and local papers, are normative – presenting a selection of the news most advantagous to the defence of the ‘Revolution’ i.e., of government policy and ideology.

    ‘The episode that most clearly shows the reluctance (or chronic poilitcal incapability) of the Cuban media to transcend the myths of the official propaganda and accept dissent, took place in May 2002, when former US president James Carter visited Havana. [He], during a speech at the University of Havana broadcast live on television, mentioned the Varela project, an11,000-signature petition to the National Assembly calling for free elections. The ex-president asked the Cuban authorities to publish the Varela Project and allow the public to discuss it. The next day, Granma and Juventud Rebelde, neither of which had previously mentioned the Varela Project, managed to report Carter’s speech omitting the request. The silence of the Cuban press became itself an international story and after two days Granma surrendered and published the entire speech.’ (128)

    • The Varela Project was never mentioned again. The National Assembly rejected the petition a few days after Carter left and proclaimed socialism irrevocable.
    • Crisis in the 1990s – Cuban print media reduced 58% of its total print copies
    • Exodus of journalists
    • 2003 ‘Black Spring’
    • ‘La Batalla de ideas’
    • la Mesa Redonda
    • Slow recovery of print media
    • The rising use of satellites and the internet

     
  • Clive 8:06 pm on August 21, 2008 Permalink
    Tags: , journalism,   

    Pro-Am Press Reporting 

    Are editors a luxury that we can do without? | Media | The Guardian

    Online we tend to publish first, edit later. Blogging journalists put up “half-baked posts” – which, as Gawker Media’s Nick Denton explains, is our way of saying: “Here’s what I know, here’s what I don’t know – what do you know?” Reporting becomes a process more than a product.

     
  • Clive 8:57 am on July 1, 2008 Permalink
    Tags: collaboration, , journalism   

    Collaborative Filtering 

    Collaborative Filtering: Lifeblood of The Social Web – ReadWriteWeb

    There are two basic principles involved in Collaborative Filtering.

    1. The Wisdom of Crowds and Law of Large Numbers suggest that as communities grow, not only does a large (diverse, independent, etc.) community make better decisions than a handful of editors, but the larger a community gets, the better its decisions will be.  Therefore, we can hypothetically create a Collaboratively Filtered newspaper, television channel, radio station, etc., which would be better (for the community) rather than any other arbitrarily selected medium. In fact, as we will see, services like Digg, YouTube, and Last.fm, are trying to do exactly that – (CF) based media outlets.

    2. The second principle of Collaborative Filtering suggests that in any such large community, with enough data on individual participants and on how the individual participants collaborate or correlate with each other, we can make predictions about
    what these users will like in the future based on what their tastes have been in the past, i.e. develop a collaboratively filtered recommendation engine. This, of course, relies on the fact that people’s interests, preferences, and ideologies don’t change too drastically over time.

    The two aspects of the (CF) system result in two very different and important results.

     
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